What are cannabis terpenes

Cannabis Terpenes & How They Affect Cannabinoids

What Are Terpenes ?

Terpenes are aromatic chemicals present in many plants, but they are most usually associated with cannabis due to the large amounts found in cannabis plants.

Terpenes are responsible for the scent of most plants.
These terpenes protect plants from animal grazing and infectious germs in the wild.

What are cannabis terpenes?

Most people can smell cannabis before they see it because of its distinct smoky, musky smell, and pungent odor.

There are around 150 different types of terpenes in cannabis.
Despite the fact that most terpenes are present in trace amounts, the most prominent ones work together to give different cannabis strains their distinct aroma profiles.
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How are they found??

Terpenes are naturally occurring chemicals contained in the female cannabis plant's trichomes.
Trichomes are sticky, transparent glands found on the surface of buds and, to a lesser extent, on leaves and stems.
Trichomes include resin glands, which create terpenes.

How Terpenes Affect Our Body 

the effects of terpenes appear to extend beyond feel-good benefits and stress relief. Terpenes have also been identified as a new frontier in cannabis medicine. Until recently, the spotlight has been focused almost exclusively on the therapeutic qualities of cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD, but as our understanding of terpenes grows more sophisticated, it’s becoming apparent that these aromatic compounds are medicinal powerhouses too. 

Cannabinoids ( CBD ) & Terpenes 

When terpenes and cannabinoids interact in the human body, they create a synergistic effect known as the 'entourage effect.' In other words, these two compounds collaborate within the endocannabinoid system to temper or enhance the therapeutic properties and side effects of the other.

A 2011 study on the effects of Phyto cannabinoid-terpenoid entourage on different problems looked into the synergy. Researchers came to the conclusion that terpenes and cannabinoids may be complementary, resulting in a broader and more promising range of clinical applications for cannabis extracts.

The composition of terpenes varies greatly between cannabis strains.

The researchers also discovered that full-spectrum CBD extract was four times more potent than CBD isolate, implying that patients could take a much lower dose, and attributed this to the therapeutic synergy of cannabinoids and other compounds such as terpenes.

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Benefits Of Terpenes

Terpenes have been linked to a variety of therapeutic benefits in preclinical studies on animals and in vitro studies (in test tubes). However, it should be noted that terpene research is in its infancy and has not been widely conducted on humans. More research is needed to further our understanding of these compounds.

Researchers are constantly on the lookout for new antiviral compounds. Many terpenes, including alpha- and beta-pinene, caryophyllene, camphor, and carvone, may have strong antiviral properties.

The search for compounds that can help suppress cancer is being fueled by rising rates of many types of cancer. Some terpenes, including those found in cannabis, have anticancer activity, which means they can help to inhibit the activity or growth of cancer cells.

Twenty-five percent of antidepressant drugs are made with terpene-rich herbal extracts. Linalool and beta-pinene are two plant extracts that are commonly used in antidepressant medication.

A wide range of terpenes may have antimicrobial activity, or the ability to halt the growth of a harmful microorganism. Terpenes such as alpha-bisabolol, geraniol, menthol, eucalyptol, and terpinolene may aid in the killing or halting of microorganisms.

Pain alleviation
Some cannabis terpenes have been discovered to mimic cannabinoids by producing a pain-relieving effect. In one 2021 study, pain-relieving effects were amplified without an increase in negative side effects when terpenes were combined with cannabinoids. This interaction may be indicative of the entourage effect.

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Top 3 Terpenes Found In Cannabis 

Limonene is a terpene recognizable for its zesty citrus fragrance, primarily in lemon, but also in orange, lime, and grapefruit. Limonene is found in the peels of these citrus fruits and in many varieties of cannabis.

Pinene is one of the simplest terpenes in existence. Despite its simple structure, this compound has been shown to offer a wide variety of benefits. Alpha-pinene and beta-pinene are simply two variations of pinene.

Aside from delivering the distinct forest-like aroma, pinene has several therapeutic properties, including:

  • Anti-inflammatory Effects
  • Neurological Support
  • Antimicrobial Activity

Myrcene because of its numerous health benefits, myrcene is sometimes referred to as the "mother of all terpenes." Although it is one of the most common terpenes in the plant kingdom (and in cannabis), it is also one of the most beneficial.
Myrcene is a powerful antibiotic that is also antimutagenic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and sedative. When combined with THC, its effects and benefits appear to be amplified.


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